This graph illustrates how crime rales altered in Newport inner city during the period 2001-2012. We can see immediately that the greatest change occurred hi the number of burglaries, while incidents of theft remained low hut steady.
In 2003, we can see that burglary was the most common crime, with approximately 3,400 reported cases. The figure rose to around 3,700 in 2004, but then there was a downward trend until 2008. At this point the figure stood at just over 1,000 incidents. This rose slightly in 2009, then continued to fluctuate for the remaining period.
In 2003, the number of cars being stolen stood at around 2,800 and followed a similar trend to burglary until 2006. At this point the number rose, standing at around 2,200 in 2007. There was a marginal decrease in the following year, but from then on, the trend was generally upwards.
The given line graph illustrates the proportions of Australian products exported to four countries between 1990 and 2012.
In general, while Australian exports to China and India increased over the period, the US and Japan saw a decline in products imported from Australia. In addition, China experienced the biggest increase in exports over the period, making it the biggest export market of Australia from around 2007 onwards.
In 1990, Japan was the leading export market of Australia, receiving over 25% of all exported goods. China, however, received only a mere 5%. By 2012, the percentage of exports to Japan had dropped to below 20%, while the figures for China saw a dramatic rise to almost 30%.
was around ten times higher than the exports to India. Over the following twenty-two years, the figures for the US ﬂuctuated, and dropped to 5% by 2012. The percentage of exports to India, on the other hand, remained unchanged until 2000, and then increased to about 7% in 2010, before dropping slightly to roughly 5% in 2012.
The line chart illustrates the number of inquiries sent to the Tourist Information Office in a particular city via three means of communication, between January and June in 2011.
It is clear that visitors to the city made more inquires in person and via telephone, while written letters and emails became the least common choices. Additionally, the number of enquiries in person experienced the most dramatic change among the different options.
In January, the Tourist Information Office received 900 telephone enquiries, while just under 800 letters and emails were received. Not many tourists chose to ask for information in person, with just over 400 queries. Over the next three months, the telephone still remained the most popular method of enquiry, at approximately 1000 queries.
Meanwhile, the number of enquires made in person saw considerable growth to 800, surpassing the figures for emails and postal enquires. From March to June, enquires in person were the most common method of inquiry. By June, the number of in person enquires soared by more than 1,000 to peak at 1,900. During this period, there was also a significant rise in the figure for telephone enquiries, from 1000 to 1600. By contrast, fewer people sent emails or letters to make enquires, with slightly less than 400 enquires in May and June.
The line graph illustrates the percentage of the Japanese population in diﬀerent age groups from 1960 until now, and projections for the year 2040.
Overall, the percentage of people aged 0-14 and 15-64 follows downward trends over the period shown. The opposite trend, however, can be seen in the percentage of those aged 65 and over.
Starting at about 65% in 1960, the proportion of people between 15 and 64 years old hovered during the next 40 years before falling to around 60% in 2018. This figure is predicted to experience a fall to about 52% by 2030, and finally will constitute around 55% of the total population of Japan in 2040. The figures for those aged 0-14 follow a somewhat similar pattern, which began at 30% in 1960 and is estimated to drop to about 10% by 2040.
In contrast, the percentage of Japanese people aged 65 and above was only 5% in 1960. However, the figures witnessed a significant increase to just under 30% in 2018, and by 2040, it is forecast that approximately 35% of Japan’s population will fall into this age group.
The graph illustrates how much oil was produced and consumed every day in China, over a 24-year period starting from 1982.
Overall, China witnessed an increase in both the production and consumption of oil over the period shown. However, oil consumption rose significantly faster than that of its production.
At the beginning of the period, the figures for oil production and consumption were both around 2 million barrels per day. However, while the rate of oil consumption rose only slightly over the next eight years, to approximately 2 million barrels per day, oil production increased significantly per day to 3 million barrels per day in 1986, then remained constant until 1990.
From 1990 onwards, the amount of oil that was consumed per day saw steady growth to end up at just over 6 million barrels. Meanwhile, the rate of oil production continued to increase from 1990, but only marginally, ending up at approximately 3.5 million barrels per day in 2006, which was significantly less than the countries consumption rate.
The line graph illustrates the number of international conferences held in three diﬀerent cites, over a period of thirty-six years, beginning in 1965.
It is clear that while the number of international conferences held in city C increased dramatically, there were some ﬂuctuations in the figures for the other cites over the period shown. Additionally, city C saw the biggest change in its figures.
In 1965, city A held about 35 international meetings, which was the highest figure for all cites in all years, while just under 30 conferences were organized in city B. In contrast, there were no international conferences in city C in that year.
Over the next 35 years, the number of international meetings that took place in city C rose sharply to peak at over 30 in 1980, and then fell slightly before rising again to around 30 in 2010. The figures for the other cites, however, both witnessed some ﬂuctuations throughout the period, both holding approximately 25 conferences each in the final year.
The line graph illustrates the price of 800 grams of various types of bread in a particular European nation over five consecutive years, starting from 2001.
It is clear that while the price of brown, white and rye bread increased, the price of wholegrain bread witnessed a wild ﬂuctuation over the period shown. Additionally, the figure for brown bread saw the biggest change.
In 2001, residents in this country had to spend 0.8 euros for 800 grams of wholegrain bread, while the other types only cost 0.6 euros each. In 2002, the price of wholegrain, brown and white bread increased dramatically, with the figure for wholegrain bread reaching a peak of 1.8 euros, whereas the price of rye bread saw a slight decline.
From 2002 to 2005, the figures for rye bread and white bread both increased considerably to 1.3 and 0.7 euros respectively, while there was a substantial drop of 1 euro in the price of wholegrain bread in 2005. Meanwhile, the price of brown bread ﬂuctuated wildly between 1.4 euros and 1.6 euros throughout the period.
The line graph provides information about the U.S government’s expenditure on research in five fields (Health, Space, Energy, General Science and Other) over the period from 1980 to 2008.
It can be clearly seen that the US government spent the largest amount of money on research into Health while the least amount of money was spent on researching General Science.
Starting at $10 billion in 1980, the government expenditure on research into Health slightly dropped over the next four years before continually rising again to a peak of nearly $25 billion in 2004. Despite declining back down to approximately $18 billion in 2008, expenditure on Health research was by far the highest. The amount of money spent on researching General Science however was the lowest of all research categories, beginning at $2.5 billion in 1980 and rising to just over $5 billion by 2008.
Meanwhile, there was also an increase in the money that was spent on research into Energy and Space, from approximately $5 billion and $6 billion in 1980 to around $7.5 billion and $9 billion in 2008, respectively. In contrast, the only field that experienced an overall decrease in expenditure was that of research into other areas, which fell from approximately $7.5 billion in 1980 to about $5 billion by 2008.
The line chart illustrates the proportion of female parliament members in Germany, Italy, France, the UK and Belgium from 2000 to 2012.
In general, all countries experienced an upward trend over the period, with Italy being the country with the highest percentage of female parliament members in 2012.
The percentages of female members of parliament in Germany and Italy were always higher than those of the other three countries however they also experienced a similar trend. While the figure for Italy rose from 27% to just under 40%, that of Germany increased by only 4%, to be at about 37%, during the examined period. Starting at 25% in 2000, the proportion of female parliament members in France increased at a similar rate to Germany, to end up at approximately 32% in 2012.
In 2000, only around 3% of parliament members in the UK were female, however this figure rose quite substantially to about 20% in 2008 and continued to peak at roughly 23% in 2012. The percentage of female parliament members in Belgium also stood at 23% in 2012, however this figure only showed a small change from its figure of around 17% in 2000.